Study of David Part IV
Study of David – Part IV
The purpose of this lesson is to continue to examine the life of David and how we can apply his experiences to our lives today. Part IV of the series examines David’s life following the death of Saul and his rise to the throne of a united Israel.
Scriptures: 2 Samuel Chapters 1-
Memory Verse: The 23rd Psalm
A Psalm of David- ( Try and remember the entire Psalm)
- 2 Samuel Chapter 1- Saul and Jonathans deaths
- David learns of the death of Saul and Jonathan- Verse 1-5
After the death of Saul, David returned from striking down the Amalekites and stayed in Ziklag two days.
2On the third day a man arrived from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the ground to pay him honor.
3 “Where have you come from?” David asked him. He answered, “I have escaped from the Israelite camp.”
4 “What happened?” David asked. “Tell me.” “The men fled from the battle,” he replied. “Many of them fell and died. And Saul and his son Jonathan are dead.”
5 Then David said to the young man who brought him the report, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?
- Young man confesses to killing Saul- verses 6-10
6 “I happened to be on Mount Gilboa,” the young man said, “and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and their drivers in hot pursuit.
7 When he turned around and saw me, he called out to me, and I said, ‘What can I do?’
8 “He asked me, ‘Who are you?’ “ ‘An Amalekite,’ I answered.
9 “Then he said to me, ‘Stand here by me and kill me! I’m in the throes of death, but I’m still alive.’
10 “So I stood beside him and killed him, because I knew that after he had fallen he could not survive. And I took the crown that was on his head and the band on his arm and have brought them here to my lord.
- David moans for Saul and Jonathan- verse 11-12
Then David and all the men with him took hold of their clothes and tore them.
12 They mourned and wept and fasted till evening for Saul and his son Jonathan, and for the army of the LORD and for the nation of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
- David has young man killed - verse 13-16
David said to the young man who brought him the report, “Where are you from?” “I am the son of a foreigner, an Amalekite,” he answered.
14 David asked him, “Why weren’t you afraid to lift your hand to destroy the LORD’s anointed?”
15 Then David called one of his men and said, “Go, strike him down!” So he struck him down, and he died.
16 For David had said to him, “Your blood be on your own head. Your own mouth testified against you when you said, ‘I killed the LORD’s anointed.’ ”
- David laments Jonathan- verse 25-26
“How the mighty have fallen in battle! Jonathan lies slain on your heights.
26 I grieve for you, Jonathan my brother; you were very dear to me. Your love for me was wonderful, more wonderful than that of women
Chapter 2- The kingdom is split
- David becomes King of Judah- verse 1-4a
In the course of time, David inquired of the LORD. “Shall I go up to one of the towns of Judah?” he asked. The LORD said, “Go up.” David asked, “Where shall I go?” “To Hebron,” the LORD answered.
2 So David went up there with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
3 David also took the men who were with him, each with his family, and they settled in Hebron and its towns.
4 Then the men of Judah came to Hebron, and there they anointed David king over the tribe of Judah.
- The son of Saul is made King of Israel by Abner - verse 8-10
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul’s army, had taken Ish-Bosheth son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim.
9 He made him king over Gilead, Ashuri and Jezreel, and also over Ephraim, Benjamin and all Israel.
- Abner and Joab agree to have young men compete- verse 14-15
Then Abner said to Joab, “Let’s have some of the young men get up and fight hand to hand in front of us.” “All right, let them do it,” Joab said.
15 So they stood up and were counted off—twelve men for Benjamin and Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, and twelve for David
- Competition turns deadly and Abner kills the brother of Joab- 19-23
- Joab and Abner agree to cease fire- 25-28
- Chapter 3- Abner parts ways with the son of Saul Ishbosheth ( King of Israel)
- Ishbosheth accused Abner of having sexual relationship with his father’s concubine – verses 7-8
- Abner goes to David in peace- verse 17-21
- Abner is killed by Joab for killing his brother - Verse 27
- David moans for Abner- Verses 31-39
- Chapter 4- Ishbosheth is killed
- Ishbosheth is killed by his own men
- The men bring the head of Ishbosheth to David- verse 8
- David kills them for harming the King of Israel- verse 9-12
David answered Rekab and his brother Baanah, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, “As surely as the LORD lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble,
10 when someone told me, ‘Saul is dead,’ and thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and put him to death in Ziklag. That was the reward I gave him for his news!
11 How much more—when wicked men have killed an innocent man in his own house and on his own bed—should I not now demand his blood from your hand and rid the earth of you!”
12 So David gave an order to his men, and they killed them
- David begins again to trust in God- verse 9
- Chapter 5- David unites Israel and Judah
- Israel comes to David- verse 1-5
All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood.
2 In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the LORD said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.’ ”
3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.
5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years
- David continues to recognize God in his life- verse 10
- David fights and defeats the Philistines- verse 17-26