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Joe Summers - June 16, 2024

Study of Romans Part 2

Study of Romans Part 2 Lesson Objective: To Study the second section of Romans where it shows that God has provided an opportunity for man to change the outcome a result of death to an opportunity for eternal life by Faith and believing on Jesus Christ. Scripture: Philippians 3: 9 “and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God on the basis of faith." Introduction Romans is attributed to Paul and it was written to the Christians in the City of Rome. The Book of Romans is primarily a work of doctrine and can be divided into four sections: righteousness needed, 1:18–3:20; Part 1 lesson taught June 9th righteousness provided, 3:21–8:39; Part 2 lesson to be taught June 16th righteousness vindicated, 9:1–11:36; righteousness practiced, 12:1–15:13. In the first 3 chapters of Rome. Paul discussed the inability of man to be saved by the law and that man was saved through faith in Jesus Christ. Chapters 4-8 details how God provides man the opportunity to obtain righteousness. 1. Righteousness Through Faith (Romans 3:21-31) Key Points: Righteousness Apart from the Law: Paul explains that righteousness from God has been made known, apart from the law, and is testified by the Law and the Prophets (Romans 3:21). Justified by Faith: All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, but are justified freely by His grace through the redemption in Christ Jesus (Romans 3:23-24). Propitiation by His Blood: Jesus is presented as a sacrifice of atonement through faith in His blood, demonstrating God's righteousness (Romans 3:25). Supporting Scriptures: Genesis 15:6: "Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness." Isaiah 53:5: "But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed." 2. Abraham as the Example of Faith (Romans 4) Key Points: Abraham Justified by Faith: Paul uses Abraham's faith as an example, explaining that Abraham was justified by faith before he was circumcised (Romans 4:1-12). Promise Realized Through Faith: The promise to Abraham and his offspring was through the righteousness of faith (Romans 4:13-25). Supporting Scriptures: Genesis 12:1-3: The call of Abram, where God promises to make him a great nation. Genesis 17:4-5: God confirms His covenant with Abraham. Habakkuk 2:4: "The righteous shall live by his faith." 3. Peace and Hope (Romans 5:1-11) Key Points: Peace with God: Through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1). Hope and Suffering: Suffering produces perseverance, character, and hope, which does not put us to shame because of God's love poured into our hearts (Romans 5:3-5). Supporting Scriptures: Isaiah 53:11: "After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied." John 16:33: "In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world." 2 Corinthians 5:18-19: "All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation." 4. Adam and Christ (Romans 5:12-21) Key Points: Death Through Adam, Life Through Christ: Sin entered the world through one man, Adam, and death through sin. In contrast, the grace of God and the gift of righteousness came through one man, Jesus Christ (Romans 5:12-21). Supporting Scriptures: Genesis 3: The fall of man. 1 Corinthians 15:21-22: "For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man." Isaiah 53:10-12: The suffering servant who justifies many. 5. Dead to Sin, Alive in Christ (Romans 6) Key Points: Baptism into Christ’s Death: We are baptized into Christ's death and raised to walk in newness of life (Romans 6:3-4). Slaves to Righteousness: Being set free from sin, we become slaves to righteousness (Romans 6:18). Supporting Scriptures: Galatians 2:20: "I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me." Colossians :12: "Having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through your faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead." 2 Corinthians 5:17: "Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!" 6. Struggle with Sin (Romans 7) Key Points: The Law and Sin: The law reveals sin, but we are delivered from the law's penalty through Christ (Romans 7:4-6). Inner Conflict: Paul describes the inner conflict between the sinful nature and the desire to do good (Romans 7:14-25). Supporting Scriptures: Galatians 5:17: "For the flesh desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the flesh." James 1:14-15: "But each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed." Psalm 51:5: "Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me." 7. Life in the Spirit (Romans 8) Key Points: No Condemnation: There is no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus, who walk according to the Spirit (Romans 8:1-4). Children of God: Those led by the Spirit of God are children of God and heirs with Christ (Romans 8:14-17). Future Glory: Our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory to be revealed in us (Romans 8:18-30). God's Love in Christ: Nothing can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus (Romans 8:31-39). Supporting Scriptures: John 3:18: "Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already." Galatians 4:6-7: "Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, 'Abba, Father.'" Psalm 44:22: "Yet for your sake we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered." •Supporting Scriptures: •John 3:18: "Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already." •Galatians 4:6-7: "Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, 'Abba, Father.'" •Psalm 44:22: "Yet for your sake we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered." This section of Romans richly describes the doctrine of justification by faith, the transformative power of the Spirit, and the assurance of God's unfailing love.

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